Early Years Foundation Stage

Communication & Language

'Communication and Language' underpins all areas of learning and development. Children develop their Listening, Attention and Understanding skills in a variety of situations, such as one-to-one interactions, small group work and whole class teaching. Speaking skills are developed through activities such as role play, Small World play, cooking, sharing stories and poems – and, of course, through two-way conversations!

“I like dressing up and making up stories.”

“We are going under giant leggy chairs.”


For further information about Early Reading, please visit our Reading page. Reading | Archdeacon Cambridge's Church of England Primary School (

Personal, Social & Emotional Development

A big part of starting school is learning to manage feelings and relationships with increasing independence and confidence. Adults develop warm and positive relationships with the children, to support them in their journey to resolve problems with greater independence. We teach children strategies for resolving problems, and to consider situations from one another’s point of view. Our playful environment offers many opportunities to enhance these skills.

“I try to sort things out myself before I ask a teacher.”

“If you hurt someone by accident, you need to say sorry and make them feel better.”

Physical Development

Physical Development is a crucial part of children’s learning in the Foundation Stage. Children need to develop Gross and Fine Motor Skills in order to move confidently and manage tools including pencils for writing. As well as PE lessons we offer a wide range of activities in provision to develop different physical skills, including a variety of bikes, small and large scale construction, craft activities and woodwork. We also encourage children to develop independence in managing their personal hygiene and making healthy choices.

“I love riding the bikes outside. My favourite is the one with three seats.”

“Swimming lessons are really fun!”

“I like using the hammers. You have to be really careful.”


It is important to us that we give children a real love of reading and writing at this early stage. Daily phonics teaching gives children the building blocks they need to become confident readers and writers. Children read weekly with an adult in school, and are encouraged to apply their new reading skills purposefully in their play. Writing is made as fun as practical as possible, with opportunities to apply their writing skills in their play and for real-life purposes, such as writing notes and posters.

“I really like writing stories. I like to challenge myself.”

“I couldn’t read when I started Reception, now I can read books with small writing!”


Through practical activities, children develop a deep understanding of numbers to ten and the patterns of the number system. They have lots of opportunities to develop subitising and counting skills, and to understand the composition of each number. In our provision children explore numerical patterns, comparing quantities to identify more or less than, doubles, odd and even numbers. Daily whole class maths input provides an opportunity to teach knowledge and skills which children can then apply in their play. A popular element of our provision is the Snack Shop, where children are given a quantity of coins at the start of the week which they use to ‘pay’ for a special snack throughout the week, providing a purposeful opportunity to apply problem solving skills.


“I like the Snack Shop, you can buy a biscuit but it costs 8 coins so you will only have 2 left.”

“When we made cakes we had to use the balance scales to weigh the flour.”


For further information about Maths in the Early Years, please visit our Maths page. Early Years | Archdeacon Cambridge's Church of England Primary School (

Understanding the World

Understanding the World comprises of three areas of learning – The World, People and Communities and Technology. Children’s natural inquisitiveness about the world around them means that there are always opportunities to follow their interests. As a Church of England school, RE has a high profile and children enjoy exploring the Christian faith, as well as other religious festivals such as Diwali. We are lucky to have an Outside Learning Area and a Wildlife Area which provide the perfect environment for child initiated investigation. For example, a rain shower can lead to a week of learning about snails! We also use a range of technology in school, including Interactive Whiteboards, tablets, cameras and BeeBots which children are encouraged to use purposefully.

“I like learning about Jesus and God.”

“We can play games on the computer.”

“I love collecting snails in the Wildlife Area. We make homes for them.”

Expressive Arts & Design

Creativity is an important part of children’s early learning experience. We support this through our environment, ensuring access to a range of materials and media including paints, junk modelling, musical instruments and role play. Children are encouraged to develop their own ideas and think of ways to improve and enhance their work.

“I like making different things in the Making Area. My favourite is making robots.”

“We can play instruments and do shows on the stage.”

Due to the NEU Teacher Strke today (Wednesday 1st February), school is closed for Reception - Year 6